Full Guide to Wearing Face Masks

The New York Occasions and Washington Post have now come around to a place I advocated for right here on Medium final week: We should always all be wearing masks. Not just health care workers, but ALL of us. Whenever we exit in public.
Why?
Because they work.
Analysis from the SARS outbreak in 2003 shows that washing palms 10+ times daily was 55% effective in stopping virus transmission; wearing a masks was actually more efficient, reducing transmission by about sixty eight%.
Combining a number of types of protection — hand washing, masks wearing, gloves, and one other layer of outerwear (gowning) — was 91% effective.
Read that once more: 91% effective at stopping virus transmission.
COVID-19 and SARS are related types of viruses (coronaviruses), and it makes sense that what works to stop transmission for one will work to cease transmission of the other.
Masks work, first, because they’re a physical barrier to whatever’s using along on that air you’re breathing or moving through. Here’s a chart showing the relative barrier effectiveness for various supplies:

Secondly, they work because they keep you from touching your face all day long. The mask makes you more self-acutely aware of the truth that you’re not supposed to touch your face- specifically, your mouth, nostril, and eyes, and the areas around them- and for those who unintentionally do, you’ll touch the masks, not your skin directly.
Third, the experience of different international locations who mask show that masks work in the real world. In the words of Jeremy Howard, researcher and Masks4All activist, explaining a chart in his recent Youtube video showing how some countries have successfully “flattened the curve” on new infections: “In case you have a look at all the nations which have flat curves, they’re nations where mask-wearing is extremely regular, and NOT wearing a mask in places like public transport would be considered anti-social.” He notes that the Czech Republic went from zero mask usage to one hundred% in 10 days, and within the process they halted the expansion of new covid-19 cases. The Czechs made their own masks- the government didn’t give them out.

In case you still have to be persuaded, take a look at this Chinese research of a neighborhood outbreak case on January 22 through the peak Lunar New Year travel season. A sick particular person on the bus who did not work together with anybody spread the virus to 7 others, some of whom had been seated a lot more than 6 ft away. Two new passengers caught the virus half-hour after the original sick individual had left the bus. NONE OF THE PEOPLE WEARING MASKS WERE INFECTED. Read the article, it’s very detailed, with a schematic of precisely the place individuals have been sitting on the bus.
So let’s say you’re convinced, and now you’re thinking of some kind of face covering. What are your options?
First, please don’t purchase masks commercially, if by some miracle you possibly can discover them now. Commercially made PPE should be reserved for medical personnel at this time. Unfortunately, the scarcity of commercially made PPE, and the shortage of foresight that caused us to be in such a position of shortage, is probably why we initially bought this messaging of “Masks don’t work!” They do, folks just didn’t want you to comprehend it for a while, to avoid a run on masks. Think of the empty shelves in supermarkets throughout America where bathroom paper used to live, and also you perceive why.
The best thing you are able to do to masks NOW are to make use of materials across the house. Get artistic; anything that covers the mouth and nostril and stays in place will work.

While it’s finest if the mask suits well and there are no gaps between your face and the outside air, don’t hand over on your homemade mask should you can’t achieve that. Any face covering will hold you from touching the skin around your nostril and mouth directly, which could change into a very powerful mechanism by which masks block virus transmission. When you inadvertently contact your face while you’re wearing a masks, you’ll just contact the masks, not your skin.
You can try to form your face covering utilizing pipe cleaners or opened-up rubber-coated paper clips in the half that goes over your nose to make a tighter fit — experiment. Crucial thing is that you simply wash your hands, put in your face covering, and go out of the house protected.

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